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Nouveautés

Liste diffusée le 23 septembre 2020

Pour obtenir un de ces documents, communiquez avec la Bibliothèque.

Ressources Web à découvrir

Mesures prises par le gouvernement : Les décrets et les arrêtés ministériels adoptés par le gouvernement du Québec en lien avec la COVID-19 sont diffusés dans cette page Web avant leur publication dans la Gazette officielle du Québec.

https://www.quebec.ca/sante/problemes-de-sante/a-z/coronavirus-2019/situation-coronavirus-quebec/#c47907

COVID-19

1. Achou, Bertrand; Boisclair, David; D'Astous, Philippe; Fonseca, Raquel; Glenzer, Franca; Michaud, Pierre-Carl. The Early Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Household Finances in Québec. Canadian Public Policy = Analyse de politiques. (June 2020), p. 1–34.
Disponible en ligne

« The COVID-19 pandemic surged in early March 2020, with unemployment reaching historical levels in April 2020. This study brushes an early portrait of what the pandemic had as an impact on the finances of households in Quebec, one of the hardest hit provinces in terms of COVID-19 cases as well as unemployment levels. The study also helps understand how government emergency benefit programs may have helped households get by during the early period of the pandemic. Finally, we draw on expectations data collected in the survey to paint a picture of what households expect for the rest of 2020. »

2. Campbell, Jonathan R.; Uppal, Aashna; Oxlade, Olivia; Fregonese, Federica; Bastos, Mayara Lisboa; Lan, Zhiyi; Law, Stephanie; Eun, Chi; Russel, W. Alton; Sulis, Giorgia; Winters, Nicholas; Yanes-Lane, Mercedes; Brisson, Marc; Laszlo, Sonia; Evans, Timothy G.; Menzies, Dick. Active testing of groups at increased risk of acquiring SARS-CoV-2 in Canada: costs and human resource needs. Canadian Medical Association Journal. (September 9, 2020).
Disponible en ligne

« During July 8–17, 2020, across all provinces in Canada, an average of 41 751 RT-PCR tests were performed daily; we estimated this required 5122 personnel and cost $2.4 million per day ($67.8 million per month). Systematic contact tracing and testing would increase personnel needs 1.2-fold and monthly costs to $78.9 million. Conducted over a month, testing all hospital employees would require 1823 additional personnel, costing $29.0 million; testing all community health care workers and persons in long-term care facilities would require 11?074 additional personnel and cost $124.8 million; and testing all essential employees would cost $321.7 million, requiring 25?965 added personnel. Testing the larger population within schools over 6 weeks would require 46?368 added personnel and cost $816.0 million. Interventions addressing inefficiencies, including saliva-based sampling and pooling samples, could reduce costs by 40% and personnel by 20%. Surveillance testing in population samples other than contacts would cost 5% of the cost of a universal approach to testing at-risk populations. »

3. Côté, Jean-Guy; Zayat, Karl. Investissements privés et COVID-19 : sondage et propositions. Montréal : Institut du Québec, 2020. 64 p.
Disponible en ligne

« Afin de saisir l’effet de la crise actuelle sur les investissements privés, l’Institut du Québec (IDQ) a commandé un sondage à la firme Léger. Celui-ci a été réalisé en juillet auprès de 200 entreprises du Québec, afin de mesurer leurs intentions d’investir et les conséquences de la crise économique. Issues de plusieurs industries, ces entreprises étaient réparties dans diverses régions du Québec, comptaient des exportateurs et avaient des tailles différentes. Le résultat le plus probant qui ressort de ce sondage, c’est que, malgré la crise, la rareté de la main d’œuvre inquiète toujours autant les entreprises du Québec, et constitue le principal facteur qui explique leurs réticences à investir. Il semble donc que l’accès aux talents demeure un obstacle majeur malgré la présence de nombreux chômeurs. »

4. Ng, Victoria; Fazil, Aamir; Waddell, Lisa A.; Bancej, Christina; Turgeon, Patricia; Otten, Ainsley; Atchessi, Nicole; Ogden, Nicholas H. Projected effects of nonpharmaceutical public health interventions to prevent resurgence of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal. Vol. 192, no 37 (September 14, 2020), p. 1053–1064.
Disponible en ligne

« Without any interventions, 64.6% (95% credible interval [CrI] 63.9%–65.0%) of Canadians will be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (total attack rate) and 3.6% (95% CrI 2.4%–3.8%) of those infected and symptomatic will die. If case detection and contact tracing continued at baseline levels without maintained physical distancing and reimplementation of restrictive measures, this combination brought the total attack rate to 56.1% (95% CrI 0.05%–57.1%), but it dropped to 0.4% (95% CrI 0.03%–23.5%) with enhanced case detection and contact tracing. Combining the latter scenario with maintained physical distancing reduced the total attack rate to 0.2% (95% CrI 0.03%–1.7%) and was the only scenario that consistently kept hospital and intensive care unit bed use under capacity, prevented nearly all deaths and eliminated the epidemic. Extending school closures had minimal effects but did reduce transmission in schools; however, extending closures of workplaces and mixed-age venues markedly reduced attack rates and usually or always eliminated the epidemic under any scenario. »

5. Seaton, Jean; Sippitt, Amy; Worthy, Ben. Fact Checking and Information in the Age of Covid. The Political Quarterly. Vol. 91, no 3 (4 September 2020), p. 578–584.
Disponible en ligne

« The Covid‐19 pandemic has revealed and accelerated an information crisis as well as a health one. What we discover about Covid 19, how it spreads, to whom and why and how best to mitigate it—all depend on information. […] Fact checking as an idea and a practice emerged in the early twenty‐first century, developed as a positive beacon to counteract a growing sense that information could no longer be trusted. Now, more than a decade after its creation, fact checking sits within a far more complex and chaotic media context, and its expertise and understanding has never been so important. We need to understand what fact checkers do because they are grappling with how to tether us to reality. »

Économie

6. Garon, Jean-Denis; Lalé, Etienne; Martin, Julien; Mayneris, Florian; Osotimehin, Sophie; Séguin, Charles; Stevanovic, Dalibor. Réflexions pour la relance du Québec : productivité de la main-d'oeuvre, investissements et mutations du commerce international. Montréal : CIRANO, 2020. 24 p.
Disponible en ligne

« Ce document de réflexion présente au gouvernement du Québec une série de préconisations pour relancer l’économie à court terme et façonner une économie plus résiliente à moyen et long terme. Le texte s’appuie sur une série de constats suivis de recommandations que nous résumons ici. »

Éducation

7. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Back to the Future of Education : Four OECD Scenarios for Schooling. Paris : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2020. 76 p.
Disponible en ligne

« Our world is in a perpetual state of change. There are always multiple versions of the future — some are assumptions, others hopes and fears. To prepare, we have to consider not only the changes that appear most probable, but also the ones that we aren’t expecting. Inspired by the ground-breaking 2001 Schooling for Tomorrow scenarios, this book provides a set of scenarios on the future of schooling, showing not a single path into the future, but many. Using these scenarios can help us identify the opportunities and challenges that these futures could hold for schooling and education more broadly. We can then use those ideas to help us better prepare and act now. »

Élections et consultations populaires

8. [Dossier] Elections in Times of Epidemic . Elections in Europe. Vol. 15(2020), p. 17–25.
Disponible en ligne

Sommaire : Elections in the Time of Covid-19 / Russian experience in organizing voting in the context of pandemic / Series of Online Symposiums and Recommendations on Elections in Times of Epidemic

Fédéralisme

9. Bakvis, Herman; Skogstad, Grace (ed. by). Canadian federalism : performance, effectiveness, and legitimacy. 4th ed. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2020. 505 p.
321.02 '0971 C2122pe 2020

« Canadian Federalism is Canada's leading text on federal institutions and processes. The fourth edition provides extensive updates and covers all the significant developments of the past decade, including Prime Minister Stephen Harper's battles with the Supreme Court and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's efforts at a more co-operative approach to intergovernmental relations. It also features two entirely new chapters - one on criminal justice and criminal law, the other on comparative federalism. Specific topics include the Supreme Court's renewed emphasis on co-operative federalism and a federal-provincial balance tilted more in favour of the provinces, the Trudeau government's efforts to broker a deal between provinces over pipelines and carbon taxes as part of its commitment under the Paris Agreement, the strains imposed on federal-provincial relations with the influx of refugees, and the changing role of Ottawa and the provinces towards cities and in accommodating Indigenous rights. Examination of these key issues includes discussion of the implications of the 2019 federal election and recent provincial elections. »

Femmes

10. Panneton, Stéphanie; Pronovost, Véronique; Bouchard, Caroline; Bourassa-Dansereau, Caterine. Les représentations médiatiques des femmes aux élections municipales: quels enjeux, quelles incidences pour les candidates? Montréal : Université du Québec à Montréal, 2020. 93 p.
Disponible en ligne

« Ce document présente les faits saillants du projet Les représentations médiatiques des femmes aux élections municipales : quels enjeux, quelles incidences pour les candidates? Il est le fruit d’un partenariat établi entre une équipe de recherche de l’Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) et la Table de concertation des groupes de femmes de la Montérégie (TCGFM), en collaboration avec le Service aux collectivités de l’UQAM. Il constitue la deuxième phase du projet Plus de femmes en politique : les médias et les instances municipales, des acteurs clés et fait suite à la publication du rapport Les représentations médiatiques des femmes aux élections municipales (Théberge-Guyon et al., 2018). La première phase examinait le traitement médiatique des candidates mairesses et conseillères municipales dans les médias écrits francophones du Québec lors de la campagne électorale municipale de l’automne 2017. Cette deuxième phase du projet Plus de femmes en politique vise à faire entendre les voix de ces femmes qui se sont présentées aux élections municipales. Elle explore les expériences et perceptions des candidates quant au rôle des médias traditionnels en politique municipale et à leur propre couverture médiatique durant la campagne électorale. »

Finances publiques

11. Gagné-Dubé, Tommy; Robert-Angers, Michaël; Godbout, Luc. Examen des dépenses fiscales du Québec dans le contexte de post-pandémie. Sherbrooke : Chaire en fiscalité et en finances publiques, 2020. 29 p.
Disponible en ligne

« L’analyse vise à trouver des façons de dégager des sommes à utiliser initialement dans le cadre de la relance économique, mais qui pourraient subséquemment être mises à contribution pour le rétablissement de l’équilibre budgétaire. L’approche privilégiée a consisté à faire un examen détaillé des dépenses fiscales reliées au régime d’imposition du Québec en utilisant essentiellement la méthodologie développée par la Commission d’examen sur la fiscalité québécoise, laquelle est complétée par d’autres critères d’analyse spécifiques au contexte actuel. L’étude comprend également une analyse complémentaire visant à poser une "loupe" de croissance économique durable sur certaines dépenses fiscales et mesures écofiscales. »

Parlementarisme

12. [Dossier] Place aux bibliothèques parlementaires. Revue parlementaire canadienne = Canadian Parliamentary Review. Vol. 43, no 1 (printemps 2020).
Disponible en ligne

« À l’ère de l’information au bout des doigts, des réponses dans Google en un seul clic, et du déclin des publications imprimées, devrait-on se poser la question de savoir ce qu’il reste de nos bibliothèques? Dans ce numéro thématique sur les bibliothèques parlementaires, la Revue parlementaire canadienne répond à quelques questions, et constate que malgré un changement d’orientation au fil des ans, ces dernières demeurent une ressource importante pour les personnes et les institutions qu’elles servent. »

13. Ryan, Josh M. Bicameralism and Minority‐Party Influence on Legislative Development : Evidence from House Standing Committee Votes. Legislative Studies Quarterly. Vol. 45, no 3 (July 2020), p. 365–396.
Disponible en ligne

« The ability of the minority party to influence legislation in Congress is debated. Most bills are passed with large bipartisan majorities, yet the House, where most legislation is developed, is seen as a majority‐party‐dominated institution. I develop a theory of House minority‐party influence at the committee markup stage as a result of the Senate’s institutional rules. An original data set of congressional committee votes shows that minority‐party support in House committees predicts House and Senate passage. During unified party control of the chambers, an increase in Senate majority‐party seats results in lower minority‐party support for the legislation in the House committee, while during divided party control of Congress, the House majority passes more extreme bills as the chambers polarize. Even in the majority‐party‐dominated House, the minority’s preferences are incorporated into legislation, and the Senate’s institutional rules moderate bills to a significant degree. »

14. Schleiter, Petra; Fleming, Thomas G. Parliamentary Prorogation in Comparative Context. The Political Quarterly. Vol. 91, no 3 (July-September 2020), p. 641–648.
Disponible en ligne

« This paper examines the power to prorogue (or suspend) Parliament following the 2019 prorogation controversy in the UK. We outline the legal basis of prerogative‐based prorogation, survey its uses in the UK and other Westminster systems, and compare it with equivalent rules in other European parliamentary democracies. The comparative perspective highlights the outlier status of the UK among comparable European democracies. In the UK, the absence of explicit legal limits on the use of prorogation gives the executive exceptional scope to employ the power for political purposes to sidestep Parliament. We conclude by discussing the implications of these findings for current discussions about the desirability of reforming the UK’s prorogation rules and placing express legal limits on the executive’s power. »

15. The Samara Center for Democracy. Representation in Isolation : The Samara Centre’s 2020 Member of Parliament Survey. Toronto : The Samara Centre for Democracy, 2020. 38 p.
Disponible en ligne

« The Samara Centre for Democracy surveys Canada’s Members of Parliament (MPs) annually on current democratic issues. The 2020 MP Survey provided an early opportunity to systematically hear from federal political representatives in Canada on the democratic pressures caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Nearly 40% of MPs anonymously shared their experiences of the new challenges they faced in their constituencies, how they thought Parliament was performing, and whether they believed an appropriate balance had been struck between oversight and expediency in the legislative process. »

Politique

16. European Partnership For Democracy. Imagined continuities: Political scenarios after the COVID-19 pandemic. Brussels : European Partnership for Democracy, 2020. 22 p.
Disponible en ligne

« This paper sketches out the medium-term consequences of the pandemic for democratic governance around the world based on a comprehensive overview of current trends and evidence. While much has been written about the short-term implications of the COVID-19 fallout for politics, there is surprisingly little published analysis with a longer time horizon beyond papers focused on economics. Much of the analysis has also focused on the policy response, with less attention paid to the more practical implications for supporters of democracy. The paper is written through contributions from organisations on the frontline of supporting democracy around the world and therefore reflects on the practical steps that could be taken to innovate and safeguard democracy in the coming years. »

17. MacDonald, Fiona; Dobrowolsky, Alexandra. Turbulent times, transformational possibilities? : gender and politics today and tomorrow. Toronto : University of Toronto Press, 2020. 416 p.
305.42 '0971 T931 2020

« In Canada and elsewhere, recent political, economic, and social shifts have brought gender to the forefront of politics as never before, from gender-based analyses and "feminist budgets" to the #MeToo, Idle No More, and Black Lives Matter movements. Detailing these gendered and turbulent political times, this book features state-of-the art scholarship from diverse contributors that encompasses both contemporary challenges as well as avenues for change now and into the future. This collection represents a complex treatment of both gender and politics, in which gender is examined in light of other collective identities and their intersections and politics refers to both institutional and movement and countermovement politics. »

18. Newton, Kenneth. Government Communications, Political Trust and Compliant Social Behaviour: The Politics of COVID-19 in Britain. The Political Quarterly. Vol. 91, no 3 (26 August 2020), p. 502–513.
Disponible en ligne

« It is commonly said that the lockdowns and social distancing necessary to control coronavirus pandemics will only work if the general population trusts its government, believes the information it provides, and has confidence in its policies. This article traces the British government’s record in providing information about its policies and performance, and compares this with the public’s use of the mainstream news media. It then considers how these two sources of information affected trust in government and public compliance with social distancing and lockdown rules. Lastly, it compares Covid‐19 with Brexit and draws conclusions about how beliefs and behaviour are formed when individuals are personally faced with a serious threat. »

Santé et services sociaux

19. Agence de la santé publique du Canada. Déterminants sociaux et iniquités en santé des Canadiens Noirs : un aperçu. [S.l.] : Agence de la santé publique du Canada, 2020. 14 p.
Disponible en ligne

« Le présent aperçu vise à mettre en évidence la façon dont le racisme et la discrimination systémique contre les Noirs constituent les principaux facteurs des inégalités en santé auxquelles font face les diverses communautés noires du Canada. Des preuves de discrimination institutionnelle concernant les principaux déterminants de la santé sont aussi présentées, comme l’éducation, le revenu et le logement. Enfin, des données nationales qui démontrent des inégalités dans les résultats en matière de santé et dans les déterminants de la santé sont partagées. »

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